15 - The Spartans shall return any Athenian or allied prisoners. With the death of Cleon and Brasidas, zealous war hawks for both nations, the Peace of Nicias was able to last for some six years. Nicias, and Pleistoanax, King of Sparta, negotiated in 421 BC the Peace of Nicias between Athens and Sparta, which brought a temporary end to the Peloponnesian War. Although it was meant to last for fifty years, it was broken after only a year and a half, and the war continued until 404 BC. In the following years, the dominant player in the Athenian democracy was Alcibiades, a relative of Pericles and in fact the successor of Cleon as a hawk. The Spartans were still worried about the men captured on Sphacteria. The first theme is the Peace of Nicias and its failure. They were also faced with the prospect of a war on two fronts. With Brasidas also killed in the battle, the most influential pro-war voices on both sides were no longer a hindrance to the peace-makers. The Athenians had suffered two costly defeats in a row and were not as confident as before. The terms are that it's to last for 50 years. 7 - The citizens of cities being returned to Athens were to be allowed to move wherever they want, with their property Help - F.A.Q. The essence of the Peace of Nicias (421) was a return to the prewar situation: most wartime gains were to be returned. The uncertain peace was finally shattered when, in…, The peace of Nicias of 421 bce did not end the Peloponnesian War. 1 As it happened, both he and Brasidas were killed before Amphipolis in 422 B.C. Sparta was still anxious to bring the war to an end. In the third volume of his landmark four-volume history of the Peloponnesian War, Donald Kagan examines the years between the signing of the peace treaty and the destruction of the Athenian expedition to Sicily in 413 B.C. They were also worried that some of their allies might revolt if the run of defeats continued. The Peace of Nicias promised peace between the two Leagues for 50 years but delivered only eight. 16 - The Athenians were free to do whatever they want with Scione, Torone, Sermyle and any other cities in their hands. At first the peace negotiations had been unsuccessful, but in 424 BC the Athenians suffered a defeat at Delium, while the Spartan commander Brasidas was winning victories in Thrace and threatening Athens's grain supply. Alcibiades' next scheme was the conquest of Sicily. The Peloponnesian League nevertheless abandoned Torone, Scione, and various other poleis, while the Delian League retained Pote… The Athenians also refused to surrender Pylos and Nisaea, the latter of which threatened Megara. Peace of Nicias: treaty that marked the end of the Archidamian War (431-421). History Talk (0) Share. This was an unsatisfactory peace of exhaustion, whose terms were relatively favourable to Athens, but which were never implemented. If you navigated up to this point from a previous checkpoint, it means you have roughly followed the OTL path. Why did the Peace of Nicias fail to reconcile Athens and Sparta? Donald Kagan examines the years between the signing of the peace treaty and the destruction of the Athenian expedition to Sicily in 413 B.C. In the third volume of his landmark four-volume history of the Peloponnesian War, Donald Kagan examines the years between the signing of the peace treaty and the destruction of the… In the third volume of his landmark four-volume history of the Peloponnesian War, Donald Kagan examines the years between the signing of the peace treaty and the destruction of the Athenian expedition to Sicily in 413 B.C. Free shipping for many products! One weakness of the Spartan system was that there were very few full Spartans, and so the loss of 120 of them would have been a disaster. Thucydides records it as lasting for six years and ten months, but this only refers to the period in which neither side directly invaded the others territory. According to Thucydides, Nicias’ motives were largely selfish. Nicias; A peace agreement was reached in the spring of 421 BCE, and it was agreed that each side would give back most of its conquests and all of its prisoners. Amazing Sparta's response was to sign an alliance with Athens! Thucydides records eighteen main clauses of the peace treaty. The peace of Nicias was never entirely effective, and was never entirely put into effect. 3 - The treaty was to last fifty years The Great Peloponnesian peace of nicias the fighting in the battle, and several others to! The time of the peace of Nicias was a return to the others aid they! As if you navigated up to this point from a previous checkpoint, it means you have roughly the... 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